The Union of Myanmar is made up of 135 national races, of which the main national races are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, NawPyiDaw)

Ethnic diversity is an interesting feature of the Burmese population. The major language is Myanmar. According to 1983 Population census, Bamars form a majority of the total population and reside all over the country. A relatively large number of Bamars live in the central, delta regions and in the lower part of the country. Kachin live in the upper north; the Shan in the northeast and the east; Chins in the western mountainous regions; Kayah in the hilly regions; and the Kayin in the south eastern region and the delta area; the Mons are found in the southern part of the country and the Rakhines in the western coastal region.

Each ethnic group has their own dialects but many of them can speak or understand Myanmar language. Many of the listeners are not Bamars, but from different ethnic peoples, including Tamil and Chinese-Burmese.

There are some numbers of listeners who settle outside the country because of political, economic, social and other reasons and they listen to RVA via internet.